The name of Edward Elgar is associated with the renascence of the
English music at the close of 19th and beginning of 20th century.
Elgar's music combines classical and romantic influences of various
cultures. Despite the power and variety of those influences Elgar,
like Cesar Frank or Sergei Taneev, succeeded in creating his own
bright individual style.
In Concerto for solo violin and full orchestra (op.61, 1910)
the very concept of "the symphony for violin and orchestra"
reminds of Johannes Brams. The concerto is a major work in all respects.
It sounds for over 45 minutes and the part of violin is rich and
diverse both as a virtuoso and cantilena work.
The main theme of the
Concerto, a broken and sad monologue, represents an outstanding
artistic innovation by Elgar. An inimitable individual theme comes
out of seemingly familiar romantic formulas. Its dramatic tensity
is combined with melancholy and meditation. The first movement seems
rather slow. The contrast in tempo of the sonata-kind Allegro and
the second part is smoothed out. The theme of the second movement
is a version of the main theme of the concerto and both themes sound
in the finale (Frank uses the same device quite frequently). Thus
the whole composition assumes the characteristics of a large one-part
poem. A traditional cadence is not be found in the first movement,
it is transferred to the central part of the finale.
In the South,, a concert oveture for full orchestra, op.
50, 1904, probably reflects Elgar' fascination with Wagner, Bruckner
and Richard Strauss. The main theme conveys a romantic impulse and
is somehow related to the Introduction to the Third act of Lohengrin
or to the main theme of the finale of the Bruckner's Seventh symphony.
Episodic themes are deeply lyrical. The first episode may be associated
with the delicate frailness of the late romanticism while the second
is reminiscent of the pastoral archaic character in the spirit of
legendary Celtic bard Ossian.
Pomp and Circumstance, or Military March No 1, op.39 No1
needs no introduction. This brilliant orchestral work has become
a musical symbol of Britain and is extremely popular in the country
as is familiar to many people throughout the world.
Violin concerto in B minor, op. 61.
1 Allegro 18.55
2 Andante 12.14
3 Allegro molto 18.57
4 In The South (Alassio), concert overture, op. 50, op.50 16.50
5 Pomp and Circumstance March No. 1, op. 39
Total time: 74.04
was born in Riga, Latvia, and having received his professional education
and training at the Moscow Conservatoire won all prestigious international
competitions in which he could take part. He was a prize winner
at the Jean Sibelius competition in Helsinki, received the first
prize at the Paganini competition in Genoa and finally the first
prize and gold medal in 1978 Tchaikovsky competition in Moscow.
He lives in Holland and performs in many countries of the world
and with many major orchestras and leading conductors. The New York
Times called him "A musician of exceptional talent in the tradition
of the great virtuosos possessed an unwavering tone and extraordinary
Moscow Symphony Orchestra
is the first privately owned orchestra in modern Russia. It
was founded in 1990. The orchestra performed in the best concert
halls in Moscow and Saint Petersburg and appeared in many countries
in Europe, Asia and America. It recorded many compact discs including
all 17 symphonies by Malipiero, all symphonies by Turnemir.Vista
Vera recorded with MSO Orchestral Works by Glinka.
graduated from two oldest Russian conservatoires, in Petersburg
(then Lenigrad) and Moscow. He worked with the Moscow Philharmonic
orchestra and the Nyzhny Novgorod Philharmonic orchestra. He also
was the chief conductor of the Mousorgsky Opera and Ballet Theatre
in St.Petersburg. Since 1997 he is the chief conductor of the Moscow
Symphony Orchestra. He gave over 800 concerts including 250 in foreign
countries. Ziva played with outstanding musicians including Rostropovich,
Gutman, Maysky, Kremer, Tretyakov, Bashmet and many others.
Recorded in the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatoire 29.09.2001
Sound Engineer: Vladimir Koptsov
Cover: The Long Walk