|VVCD - 00058
Works for cello and orchestra
Robert Schumann. Cello Concerto.
P.Tchaikovsky.Variations on a Theme of Rococo.
N.Miaskovsky. Cello Concerto.
Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra.
The works on this CD were written between 1850 (Schuman's
concerto) and 1944 (Miaskovsky’s concerto) and represent the history
of musical romanticism in its peculiar cello aspect.
Schuman's concerto became a starting-point and lyrical tuning fork
for the tradition of romantic works for cello and orchestra. The
work reflects quite adequately the main characteristics of his late
style. There is no a demonstrative break-off with classical forms,
instead the composer formally follows them. And there are more balanced
and harmonious emotions instead of Florestanian outbursts. At the
same time the new wine is naturally filling the old wineskin. The
consisting of three movements, is notable for its extraordinary
of musical ideas which seem to overcome the barriers between the
Schuman's concerto appears to be a musical poem, variations on the
main theme of the composition.
Cello has always played a special role in Russian musical culture.
Even in Russian romances of early and mid 19th century cello often
a second voice, sort of an interlocutor and even alter ego of human
But it was Tchaikovsky in his Variations on a Rococo Theme (1876)
who was able to bring together both chamber and virtuoso and concert
aspects of the instrument.
One should not be misled by the title of the composition. The theme
belongs to Tchaikovsky himself but by its style is rather close
to the music of Vienna classics, for instance, Joseph Haydn, or
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
There are two versions of the composition. The original one was
made by the author. But there's another one, Wilhelm Fitzenhagen
version made with the blessing of Tchaikovsky. Wilhelm Fitzenhagen
was an outstanding cellist to whom the composer dedicated his work
and who first performed Tchaikovsky's Variations. This version has
become very popular with the musicians.
By its logic Variations on a Rococo Theme are build on like a sonata.
a one-movement piece that is developed in a "historical prospective".
Variations are extended by their size, the language of the music
more complex, and there's much diversity in variations. So the content
the work reminds a many-movement concerto. The final variation takes
special place owing to its size and the scale of culmination.
Nikolai Miaskovsky's Cello concerto is, by the spirit of its music,
close to his late symphonic works and first of all to his Symphony
No 21. Terrifying "Dramas of life" typical for his music
of 1910s - 1920s give way to elegies where tragic episodes are presented
more like reminiscences.
Miaskovsky's Concerto sounds like recollection of Russia and recollection
of romantic music. Two movements - first slow, written in a sonata
form and finale - are crowned with the coda of finale where the
main theme of the Concerto comes back. There is no so typical for
elaboration here. Instead he introduces an extensive cello cadenza.
only emphasizes a deep lyrical nature of the composition that the
composer originally intended to name Concerto Poem.
The Concerto is dedicated to an outstanding cellist Sviatoslav Knushevitsky
who first performed it.
Recorded: 1984 ã. (1, 2); 1986 (3-4)
Total time: 71.31
Simon was born in Moscow in 1930. He graduated from and did postgraduate
studies at the Moscow Conservatoire under the tutorship of famous
musicians R. Sapozhnikov, M. Jampolsky and S. Kozolupov. Prizewinner
of international competitions in Prague (1950) and Berlin (1951).
Since 1952 Simon has been working with the Tchaikovsky Symphony
Orchestra, since 1961 – soloist and Principal Cello of the Orchestra.
People’s Artist of Russia. Professor of the Moscow State Conservatoire.
Many of his pupils work as soloists of leading orchestras not only
in Russia but throughout the world. He made over 70 solo recordings
for the radio fund and major recording companies. His discs include
premiere performances of cello concertos by modern composers, music
of all epochs and styles, from baroque to contemporary, including
concertos by J.Haydn, L.Bokkerini, K.Saent-Saens, S.Barber, R.Schumann,
N.Miaskovsky, B.Tchaikovsky, the anthology «Complete works for cello
and orchestra by P.Tchaikovsky», Don Quixote by Richard Strauss
and many, many other works.
Vladimir Fedoseev was borh in Leningrad and studied in Moscow at
the Gnesins Academy of Music and then did postgraduate studies at
Moscow Conservatoire with Professor Leo Ginzburg. In 1971 he was
invited by Evgeny Mravinsky to guest conduct the Leningrad Philarmonic
Orchestra. The great success of the concert helped to launch his
conducting career. Since 1974 Vladimir Fedoseev has been working
as the Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of the Tchaikovsky
Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra which is Russia’s leading symphony
orchestra. With this orchestra maestro Fedoseev made many successful
tours of European countries, USA, South America, Japan and Australia.
Vladimir Fedoseev collaborates with leading orchestras in Europe
including Zurich’s Tonhalle, Leipcig’s Gevandhaus, Orchestre de
Paris, Bavarian Radio Orchestra. In 1996 he was appointed Principal
Guest Conductor of the Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1997 Vladimir
Fedoseev was appointed Chief Conductor of the Vienna Symphony Orchestra.
As a highly acclaimed operatic conductor Fedoseev is a regular guest
conductor at the Zurich Opera as well as Opera Theatres in Milano,
Paris, Vienna, Bologna, Florence…
In 1996 he was awarded the prestigious Russian Order for Services
to the Motherland and the same year he received from the Austrian
Republic the Silver Cross for his services to music in Austria.
He was also awarded the Golden Star of the honourable citizen of
Vienna and its territory in October 2002.